What is Monkeypox?

  • Monkeypox is a viral zoonotic disease.

What causes Monkeypox?

  • It is caused by monkeypox virus.
  • Monkeypox virus belongs to the Orthopoxvirus genus. 

What other viruses are included in Orthopoxvirus genus?

  • Variola virus (which causes smallpox)
  • Vaccinia virus (used in the smallpox vaccine)
  • Cowpox virus

When was Monkeypox virus first detected?

  • The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) 

Why is it known as Monkeypox?

  • The name monkeypox originates from the initial discovery of the virus in monkeys in a Danish laboratory in 1958.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Monkeypox?

  • Symptoms are similar to smallpox, but milder
  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Backache
  • Swollen lymph nodes (not seen in smallpox)
  • Rash (often beginning on the face)
  • Chills
  • Exhaustion

What is incubation period for monkeypox?

  • 7-14 days

What is the average duration of this disease?

  • The illness typically lasts for 2-4 weeks.

What is the case fatality ratio of Monkeypox?

  • Case fatality ratio is around 3-6%.

How is Monkeypox transmitted?

  • Animal-to-human transmission
  • Human-to-human transmission: Droplet infection, Contact (Direct and indirect) with body lesions

Is monkeypox a sexually transmitted infection?

  • Monkeypox can spread from one person to another through close physical contact, including sexual contact.

How to prevent Monkeypox?

  • Isolate infected patients
  • Good hand hygiene after contact with infected animals or humans.
  • Use personal protective equipment (PPE) when caring for patients.

What is the treatment for Monkeypox?

  • Currently, there is no proven, safe treatment for monkeypox virus infection.

Is there a vaccine against Monkeypox?

  • Vaccines for prevention of smallpox also provide some protection against monkeypox.