NOROVIRUS: ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE CONTAGIOUS INFECTION
Norovirus, an animal-borne disease transmitted through contaminated water and food, is confirmed in Kerala's Wayanad district.
What is norovirus?
- Norovirus is a very contagious virus and it is also called as ‘stomach flu’ or ‘stomach bug’.
- Noroviruses belong to the family Caliciviridae. They are a group of non-enveloped, single-stranded RNA viruses that primarily cause acute gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach and/or intestines).
- It is the most common cause of vomiting and diarrhea, and foodborne illness.
Who is at Risk?
What is the mode of transmission?
- Having direct contact with an infected person
- Having food that has been prepared or handled by someone with the stomach bug
- Touching contaminated surfaces
What are the signs and symptoms?
- Signs and symptoms usually begin 12 to 48 hours after exposure to norovirus and last one to three days.
- Nausea, Vomiting
- Stomach pain or cramps
- Low-grade fever
- Muscle pain
What is the treatment?
- Adequate rest
- Drink oral rehydration solutions (ORS) and boiled water to prevent dehydration.
- Antibiotic drugs will not help treat norovirus infections because they fight bacteria, not viruses.
What are the preventive measures?
- Wash hands thoroughly with soap and water
- Chlorination of water sources with bleaching powder
- Rinse fruits and vegetables
- Clean and Cook shellfish thoroughly